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Developmental editing is carried out at an early stage of preparing a manuscript, you may have written a full manuscript but be unsure what aspects need improvement and whether there are issues with the plot which, if improved, would increase your success with the book once it is in the hands of readers. A developmental edit will give a report on the strengths and weaknesses of the manuscript and also give comments and suggestions within the manuscript for the author to consider.
Manuscript critiques are similar to development edits and you’ll get a similar report on your manuscript but without the additional comments and suggestions being supplied within the manuscript. Following both a developmental edit and a manuscript critique it is likely that you will want to apply some or all of the suggestions and prepare a redraft.
Copyediting is carried out on a manuscript which may already have been reworked and could have had some developmental editing. Having been redrafted the writing is ready to be thoroughly checked through and carefully made consistent where necessary to help the next reader to have a smooth and enjoyable reading experience without the distraction of inconsistencies and errors. When copyediting I will also advise on whether there are any issues within the manuscript which may need resolving and will check grammar, spelling and other consistencies.
Proofreading is carried out on the later draft of a manuscript and is to catch issues of spelling and grammar which remain and other mistakes that may have slipped through to this stage. You will probably have read the manuscript so often by this stage that it will be harder for you to spot mistakes so a trained and experienced second pair of eyes will help to ensure that the manuscript is as good as it can be before the next reader, be that publisher, agent or the public sees it.
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